How does an electric car work?
In electricvehicles, an electricmotor plays the role of the engine. Typically car manufacturers use AC motors in e-cars, which means the motor runs on Alternating Current (AC).
Here’s how it works:
When you press the accelerator pedal, the Power Electronics Controller (PEC) controls the flow of electrical energy to the motor. The amount of current required to run the motor varies, depending on the input on the accelerator pedal. Once the motor receives power, the rotors start spinning and produce mechanical energy.
The mechanical energy produced by the motor starts rotating the gears or transmission. The transmission transfers the mechanical energy to the wheels, which propels the vehicle forward. In simple terms – similar to an engine – the electricmotor is the heart of the electric drivetrain. It converts the electrical signals to mechanical energy, which the transmission uses to drive the wheels.